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Legal Terminology 101: The Basic Terms You Should Know

Bronx personal injury lawyer

Law and its knowledge play a crucial role in everybody’s life. Even a layman should know the legal glossary just in case there is a situation of claiming relief. Cases about personal injury, work, construction accidents, slip & fall, car accidents, medical malpractice, etc. are in abundance. Yes, one should always get in touch with the legal experts of a well-established law firm like Bronx Injury Lawyers P.C. However, knowing common legal terminology will help in understanding the situation better.

A lawyer specializing as a Bronx personal injury attorney has framed the below section to make it easy for the general public to understand common legal jargon.

Personal Injury

Any injury or harm caused by the negligence of a person to another person physically, mentally, or financially is a personal injury. The experienced attorneys at Bronx Injury Lawyers P.C. say that most of the litigations in this category are about slip and fall, construction accidents, and sexual assaults.


It is carelessness on part of any individual. Legally speaking, negligence is when a person does not behave with due care/ attention in the eyes of the law; thus, poses a risk of personal injuries to others.


As far as matters of personal injury are in question, a claim means a legal suit by the person who has suffered any type of legal injury due to negligence of another person.


Anything that can reimburse the personal injury suffered is compensation. Contact a professional Bronx personal injury attorney at Bronx Injury Lawyers P.C to know what makes up for a good compensation legally.

Damage Claims

Usually, monetary recompense to the person having suffered personal injuries is known as claiming damage in legal words. These vary from case to case. It is wise to take the help of an experienced and knowledgeable attorney like that at Bronx Injury Lawyers P.C. to assure yourself of the damage claim.

Parties- Defendant or Plaintiff

The person claiming a relief or compensation is the party namely the plaintiff and the other one against whom the compensation is sought or the case is filed in the opposite party namely the defendant. 

Loss of Consortium

When a person suffering personal injuries due to the negligence of another person eventually dies or becomes incapable physically or mentally gives rise to a situation where the spouse and other dependents of the injured/ deceased get damage claims.

Mitigating Circumstances

Circumstances that may be considered by law to have reduced the severity of the negligence or personal injury caused to another. These do not free the wrongdoer from the suit but may reduce the compensation to be paid. The professional lawyers at Bronx Injury Lawyers P.C. say that the health status, age, mental capacity, no criminal record, etc. are some of the common mitigating circumstances for the defendant.

Strict Liability

It is a doctrine practiced keenly in the legal field where the wrongdoer is liable for his acts or omissions without considering his intention or care. Product liability is the most common example here. Contact only the top law firms like Bronx Injury Lawyers P.C. at for further details.

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